One of the most fascinating aspects of ancient Peruvian culture is the Inca civilization’s unique method of communication. Despite not having a written language, the Incas used a system of knotted cords called quipus to convey complex mathematical data and narrative storytelling. While researchers have managed to decipher the mathematical quipus, the storytelling quipus remain an enigma, waiting to be unraveled.

WATCH - Incredible Facts and Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Peru


Credits: The History Blog

The ancient sites of Sacsayhuaman and Cusco are testament to the Incas’ incredible mastery of stone masonry. At Sacsayhuaman, visitors are greeted by the sight of enormous stone blocks fitted together with such precision that no mortar is needed. Within the ancient city of Cusco, the stone of 12 angles and the serpent stones stand as marvels of ancient engineering, defying explanation.

Stone of 12 angles

Lake Titicaca, one of the world’s most mysterious lakes, adds to Peru’s allure. Situated at an elevation of 12,500 feet, this deep lake is believed to be the birthplace of the Incas and the Sun, according to local legends. The lake is also known for its frequent UFO sightings, with witnesses reporting bright objects diving into and emerging from its waters.

In southern Peru, the Nazca Lines have puzzled researchers for decades. These geoglyphs, etched into the desert floor of the Rio Grande de Nazca River Basin over 2,000 years ago, depict animals, insects, and figures that appear to be wearing helmets. Some of the lines even resemble long runways, adding to the mystery surrounding their purpose.

The Nazca Lines

The country’s geography is equally remarkable, with natural wonders like the colorful Vinicunca mountain range and the crystal-clear waters of Lake 69 in the Huascarán National Park. These stunning locations attract hikers and tourists from around the world, drawn to their beauty and the challenges they present.

Vinicunca Mountain Range — Credits: Peru Travel

Perhaps the most famous of Peru’s ancient sites is Machu Picchu, the 15th-century Inca citadel perched high in the Peruvian Andes. This vast city complex, built atop more than 200 stone terraces at an elevation of nearly 8,000 feet, was abandoned for 400 to 500 years after the Spanish conquest. Its purpose remains a subject of debate, with theories ranging from a royal retreat to a ceremonial center, a strategic staging area, or even a prison complex.

Credits: Machu

The rediscovery of Machu Picchu in 1911 by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham sparked a series of expeditions that removed thousands of artifacts, including elongated skulls, which were later returned to Peru. The site’s location between two active faults and its exposure to earthquakes and landslides only add to the mystery of why the Inca chose to build there and how the complex has survived for so long.

Hiram Bingham

The precision stonework of Machu Picchu and other Inca structures is a testament to the ingenuity of their builders, who created these marvels without the use of the wheel, iron tools, or cement. The stones fit together so seamlessly that not even a blade of grass can grow between them, leaving modern engineers and scientists in awe of the Incas’ mastery.

But wait, there are MORE ..! Catch the rest of Incredible Facts and Mysteries of Ancient and Modern Peru in the newest episode.


Access all of Cristina Gomez’ links — click here

Comments & Upvotes